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Chandrayaan 3: India’s Historic Moon Landing

by Ruchi Jaiswal
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The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft was safely landed on the south pole of the Moon by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on a historic day in India’s space exploration history. India is now the first country to successfully complete a soft landing in this area of the Moon thanks to this amazing accomplishment, which occurred at 6:04 PM on Wednesday. Only a few days had passed since the Luna-25 Russian probe crashed nearby before the successful operation.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission, which took its name from the Sanskrit word for “Mooncraft,” sought to study the little-studied lunar south pole. For the next two weeks, the spacecraft, which is outfitted with the Pragyan solar-powered rover, will collect data and return it to Earth. This information will advance our knowledge of the lunar geology and the possibility of finding water ice in this region.

Image source : AP News

What Was India’s Emergence As a Space Power

For India, the successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 signifies its emergence as a global space power. The government has been actively encouraging investment in private space launches and satellite-based businesses, seeking to boost the country’s scientific and technological progress. This achievement is a testament to India’s determination to make significant strides in space exploration.

The landing process of Chandrayaan-3 was meticulously planned and executed by ISRO. The spacecraft’s automatic landing sequence was activated, triggering an algorithm that guided it to the designated landing position. The successful landing is of great significance as it opens up opportunities for further exploration and the potential utilization of resources such as water ice found in the lunar south pole.

The anticipation leading up to the landing was palpable across the nation. People gathered around television screens, offering prayers and support as the spacecraft approached its destination. Places of worship held special prayer ceremonies, and schoolchildren waved the Indian tricolor while eagerly waiting for live screenings of the historic event. The spirit of unity and hope filled the air, with citizens from all walks of life coming together to witness this monumental achievement.

Challenges and Future Possibilities

The lunar south pole presents unique challenges for landing due to its rough terrain. However, the successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 paves the way for future missions, as the region’s ice could potentially serve as a valuable resource for future fuel, oxygen, and water supplies. This opens up possibilities for sustained lunar exploration and human habitation in the future.

Prime Minister’s Perspective

Even Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was attending the BRICS summit in South Africa, closely followed the progress of the mission. He expressed his pride and joy in India’s scientific and technological advancements, emphasizing the significance of both economic and scientific progress for the nation. This achievement will undoubtedly inspire future generations and encourage further exploration and innovation in the field of space science.

A Journey of Perseverance and Collaboration

Chandrayaan-3’s journey to the Moon was not without its challenges. The mission took longer than the Apollo missions in the 1960s and 1970s, as India used less powerful rockets. This required the probe to orbit the Earth multiple times to gain the required speed before embarking on its month-long journey to the Moon. The mission’s success is a testament to the dedication, expertise, and collaborative efforts of the scientists and engineers at ISRO.


An important turning point in India’s space exploration mission was reached with the successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the southern pole of the moon. It highlights India’s strength as a space power and its dedication to boosting technical and scientific advancement. Future lunar exploration and possibly human occupation will be enabled by the data the mission collects, which will further our knowledge of the Moon’s geology and potential resources. This accomplishment demonstrates India’s tenacity, endurance, and spirit of cooperation in the quest of scientific excellence.

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